About Us :
Department of Agriculture
Near about 70% of the population depend on Agriculture. Jharkhand Agriculture is characterised by the paddy cultivation as 70% of the coverage under Kharif is placed under one crop i.e. paddy. Cropping intensity was 116% only because majority of the area of Rice area remain fallow in the Rabi season. Since there have been only 10-12 % irrigation potential. Low productivity is also a problem because except pulses, all the crops have productivity below the National level. Fertilizer use efficiency was about 65kg/ha that was far below the National Average. The above scenario was reflected Jharkhand as a food deficient State.
When 70% of rural population depends mainly on agriculture, skill development program becomes key responsibility of the state government to plan out skill manpower to cultivate 79 lakh hectares geographical area. The planning and execution of development activities of an ecologically different zone ( Hills & Plateau region compared to Bihar plains) is a challenge and it is only possible when government execute skill development program to employed and unemployed youth in order to generate income for farmer.
Agriculture department provides skill development training with the help of three directorates:
o Directorate of Agriculture
o Directorate of Horticulture
o Directorate of Soil Conservation
Training for gardening, farming, agriculture management, IT are few coursed department runs for skill development of youth in Jharkhand. Agricultural economy of the Jharkhand state is Characterized by dependence on nature, low investment, low productivity, mono-cropping with paddy as the dominant crop, in inadequate irrigation facilities and small and marginal holdings. The dependence of agriculture on the Vagaries of the rain-god can be gauged from the fact that as much as 92% of the total cultivated area is un-irrigated.
The cultivable land resource of the state has good potential for higher production of horticulture and forest products. The soil is young and has high capacity of fixation of humus. The forest provides sufficient biomass to feed its soiling. Hence, a judicious oil, water and land management is required only that can improve agriculture productivity.
For all round agricultural development, technology must be supplemented by institutional mechanisms to ensure the provision of the essential facilities and services that the farmers need to improve agronomic practices and obtain higher yield. Only the development of a healthy agricultural marketing system can guarantee remunerative prices to the farmers and motivate the adoption of scientific cultivation for raising agricultural productivity.
The Major Challenges in Jharkhand So far as Agriculture Sector is concerned are Low Cropping Intensity, Low Productivity, Acidic Soil Area (about 10 Lakh ha), Rice Fallow Area (about 12-14 Lakh ha), Low Seed Replacement Rate(SRR), Low Seed Production, Lack of Manpower, Low Mechanization, Low Credit, Low irrigation potential, Lack of crop diversification, negligible food grain procurement System, Lack of input support, input storage problem, testing facilities etc.
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